The mountain aquifer annually provided 300 million cubic meters of water and the coastal aquifer provided 250 million cubic meters. All other aquifers and floodwaters combined once provided 650 million cubic meters of water. Now they are not being used, instead excess water is being pumped back.
The level of the Sea of Galilee, the largest fresh-water lake in Israel, fed by run-off and snow melt from the Golan Heights, Mount Hermon, the Hula Valley, the mountains of Galilee, and the rain that falls directly on it. The Sea of Galilee was once required to provide 600 million cubic meters of water annually. The country’s only natural water reservoir, once a subject of anxious national discussion on the evening news during the year is no longer broadcast in television weather reports.
Why? What miracle has happened?
), Ashdod has a capacity to produce 100 to 150m³/ million cubic meters per year (2014) and Hadera has a capacity to produce 40,000m³/ million cubic meters per year (December 2009).
The fifth is in the tourism city of Eilat and it desalinates water from the Red Sea.
Together, they will produce a total of more than 130 billion gallons of potable water a year, with a goal of 200 billion gallons by 2020.
These plants, operate at high energy efficiency and are some of the most cost-efficient in the world, when measured against similar plants in other countries, according to official figures. Water pumped in from the Mediterranean Sea is pushed through rows of multi-layered plastic membranes and, through a process called reverse osmosis, emerges after 90 minutes as tasty drinking water. This desalinated water is produced at the price of 52 cents a cubic meter at the Soreq plant located near the Israeli town of Hadera. The Nahal Sorek plant completed in 2013 has the capacity to produce 624,000 m³/day (26,000 m³/hour). The set price for the cubic meter of water is according to the terms of a government tender, and while actual rates fluctuate according to energy costs, currency exchange and the cost-of-living index, they remain significantly lower than in other nations.
Israel's national water company Mekorot, in accordance with the Water Authority's guidelines, recently doubled its water supply to the Gaza Strip by 5 million cubic meters. The annual supply will now amount to 10 million cubic meters of water. There is no problem transferring water, the only limitation is the means of water supply. Moreover, we intend to enlarge the water lines to the Palestinian Authority in order to increase the supply."
During Israel's "Occupation" from 1967 until 1993 the Israeli Military Government made many improvements to the water and sewage infrastructure. The construction of the Shifra Hospital and the completion of a number of medic clinics together with improved hygienic conditions created a rapid increase in the birth rate together. The success in improved hygiene was reflected in the number of live births and the decrease in infant mortality rates.With the increase in population over strained UNWRA funds were not channeled to pay to improve hygienic conditions in the refugee areas but instead were siphoned off by the Palestinians for other "Resistance Purposes" since it is evident the funds never were used to improve life of those held captive in the camps by the Arab League.
(We see this same issue today within Gaza as Hamas has stolen building materials and supplies for the construction of tunnels and military positions)
Since the Israeli withdrawal in 1993 has not been modernized, nor repaired This total neglect allows raw sewage to mix with the fresh water from the rainfall that floods the Gaza Strip bringing the threat of disease to the populace.
“It is easy to say it is dams, easier than saying that the problem is infrastructure — not having infrastructure, having bad infrastructure, having what little infrastructure Gaza destroyed each time there is war — that is the truth. If we could rebuild
Gaza, we could build a system that dealt with these horrible floods. But Gazais in ruins, there is nowhere for the water to go, and each year it will be the same unless someone helps us.”
Editor's note: An earlier version of this page hosted an article which stated that
Israelhad, without warning, opened a number of dams, which had resulted in a part of Gazabeing flooded.
This was false. In southern
, there are no dams of the type which can be opened. We apologize for this error. Al Jazeera depends on objective reporting and strives to correct all errors of fact. We are committed to accountability and transparency. We encourage our audience and others to identify and report our mistakes. Israel
"The raw untreated sewage release from the overflow due to improper repair and construction of adequate sewage treatment facilities has caused the extensive contamination of fresh water sources downstream as well as by endangering bathers and the environment. The natural fauna and animal habitats have been almost irrevocably been damaged as the raw sewage seeps into the earth."