According to an ancient legend, the oil for the anointment of all the kings and priests of Israel was produced by the tribe of Asher. It was also stated that none of the other tribes were as fortunate in the number of their children. Josephus states in his History of the Jews; "The maidens of the tribe of Asher were exceedingly beautiful and were wedded to the sons of priests and members of the royal family."
Historians have questioned the validity of whether Josephus, who wrote extensively about the Roman-Jewish wars, didn't embellish his role in the Jewish uprising by glorifying his own actions. With the discoveries, which were made over a period of years of the presence of Jewish refugees who escaped death at the hands of the Romans to caves in the Galilee. These discoveries have given a new credence to his accounts.
The Bar Kokhba revolt resulted in the extensive depopulation of Judean communities, more so than the First Jewish–Roman War of 70 CE. According to Cassius Dio, 580,000 Jews perished in the war and many more died of hunger and disease. In addition, Many Judean war captives were sold into slavery. The Jewish communities of Judea were devastated to an extent, which some scholars describe as a genocide. Due to the severity of the Pyrrhic victory that was inflicted upon the Romans Emperor Hadrian ordered that any memory of Judea or Ancient Israel be wiped off the map and replaced with Syria Palaestina.
To the southeast of Maalot is the village of Peki'in known in Arabic as El Buke'ia-Little Valley is thought to be a Jewish community known as Baca, as mentioned in Josephus' "The Jewish War" From historical references we know that a Jewish Community maintained a continuous presence in Peki'in since the time of the Second Temple, when three families from the ranks of the Cohanim, the priestly caste that served in the Temple, moved there. According to tradition the descendants of the Zinati family are the last remnant of great Galilean Jewish population. "The Jews of Peki'in tilled their land and olive groves and guarded the secret of the silk trade."
"Every year in the summer several hundreds of Jews come here from Tiberius to pass the hot season. Most of these Jews came originally from Europe and are happy in finding here the last indigenous scions of the ancient national stock...at Bukeiah, thanks to the two springs which issue from the hillside, they cultivate on the slopes and almost to the bottom of the valley delicious gardens, watered by numerous streams. Here grown on different terraces, kept up by great walls, probably ancient, fruit-trees of all kinds, such as citrons, oranges, pomegranates, figs, quinces and mulberries. The vine flourishes marvelously, as is shown in the enormous trunks. The Jews worship in a synagogue of "modern date'- Guerin" (which had been recently restored then)
"It was a walled village with many drafted stones used in the wall and laying about a large number of rock-cut cisterns and a ruined Mosque. The position is strong rising steeply from the plain on the east and south. The ancient name of the site is unknown. In the Crusading period it was clled Castellum Regium or Chateu de Roi. Buchard (1285) says of it: "Inde" - that is from the "Castellum Judin"- leucis III. est Castellum Regium in valle, quondum domus ejusdem - ie of the Teutonic Order -habundans omnibus bonis et fructibus qui eciam in terra illa rari sunt nisi ibi. Nunc Saraceni tenent illud". (The village of Judin (?) is in the valley of the castle of the king, too, of the house of the same that it abounds in all the good and a few of its fruits, which are also on the earth, but only there. Muslims now hold it) Buchard is in error, first by putting it three leagues from the Kulat Jiddin and secondly, in placing it in a valley and not on a hill. But there is no doubt that M'alia is the place he speaks of. It was bought on the 31st of May 1220, by the Teutonic Knights, from Otho Count of Hennebuk, for the sum of 7000 marks of silver. The purchase included M'alia with it's dependencies, and a third of the fief of St. George. Guerin says: "On the highest part of the hill we remark the remains of an ancient fortress, flanked by four square towers; considerable portions remain, showing it was built of regular blocks, some leveled plain and some embossed; the latter were reserved for angles. The ruins and interior of this fortress are now inhabited by about twenty families, which have built their little habitations in the midst of the debris." page 191 The Survey for Western Palestine
"The top of the ridge was widened by a wall built up from below, as was done by Solomon on mount Moriah, to enlarge the platform of the Temple. This basement work is very solid and exhibits very fine specimens of the old Jewish or Phoenician bevel."
"The second ambush occurred at Kabri, near Nahariyah, seven miles north of Acre. Here the bodies of 42 Jews were found near five burnt out lorries. It is stated that in this action a column of six Jewish lorries were ambushed by 250 Arabs who were armed with rifles, two inch mortars, and light machine guns. The column, escorted by an armoured car, was attacked an hour before sunset on Saturday night. A British flying column was sent to relieve the Jews but failed to reach them, it is reported. British artillery then opened fire with 12-lb and 25-lb high-explosive shells, and the Arabs withdrew."
“To attack with the aim of capturing the villages of al-Kabri, Umm al-Faraj and al-Nahr, [and] to destroy and set fire to the villages.”
It is also ironic that The Second Lebanon War in 2006, which began on the 12th of July 2006, started with a cross border ambush by the Hezbollah on Israeli patrol vehicles in the same area where the three Terrorists crossed in May of 1974 under the supposed watchful eyes of the UNFIL forces. The immediate result was the kidnapping by the Hezbollah murderers of the two Israel soldiers; First Sergeant Ehud Goldwasser and Sergeant First Class Eldad Regev.
For 34 long hot summer days during that summer of 2006, the immediate vicinity of the Ma'alot was bombarded by more than 1,600 Katyusha rockets. The civilian population of Ma'alot and Tarshicha were exposed to daily rockets attacks. Many of those who could fled to safer parts of Israel with their families. Many had nowhere to go but there crowded dark and dank bomb shelters.